Here at Axe and Answered we know that not all axes are the same. Aside from the differences in brands and manufacturers, there are different types of axes as well.
In fact, there are five major different types. Depending on what the task you are looking to accomplish will determine which of the following five types you should use.
The Various Major Axe Types
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The first type of axe isn’t an axe at all. Well, it is, but it’s more commonly referred to as a splitting maul.
If the name doesn't give it away, this tool is used mostly to split trunks into smaller pieces of wood. It does so by having a much chunkier wedge-shaped head.
This wedge will literally split wood along the grain, thus where it gets its name from. Where splitting mauls are concerned, weight and width of the wedge trump a sharp blade. These are not precision instruments.
Another feature of a splitting maul that makes it easily recognizable is how wide the butt, or non-contact side of the head is. This is partially due to the fact that it's necessary in order to get a great wedge shape for splitting wood while also making the head heavy enough to do its job. But, this wide butt can be used in tandem with another person to help drive their maul through particular hard woods.
Much different than the mauls above, a felling axe is used to fell or chop an entire tree down as opposed to working on already fallen lumber.
A felling axe has a thin bit as it’s meant to dig deep into trucks with each swing of the handle. They are typically fairly light with long handles or shafts allowing the user to to get good leverage and power into each swing.
Not all felling axes are the same. Some may have handles made from different woods and there are both single and double bit axe (sometimes called a double headed axe) variations.
Regardless of the specific design, if you are looking to chop down a tree or clear limbs from a truck, a felling axe is the right choice.
Hudson Bay Axes
The Hudson Bay is in a way a small version of a full-sized felling axe. It has a fairly light and thin bit meant to make quick work of tree branches and even some young trees.
This little bad boy is actually a one-hander and is sometimes considered a 3/4-sized axe as it’s not quite as big as a full-size one but bigger than most hatchets. They are typically two to two and a half feet long.
It's a very common choice for anyone doing any kind of outdoors' trade like trapping and for campers as it's much less cumbersome than a full-sized option. If you need to clear some light brush, branches, or saplings and small trees, this is a perfect choice<. Just don't try taking down a seriously wide hardwood with it.
You can probably take a pretty solid guess as to what a carpenter’s axe is used for. If you guessed they’re perfect for chopping down giant redwoods you aren’t even close.
A carpenter's axe is a small almost hatchet-sized axe made with control in mind. Like the Hudson Bay it's a one-hander, but it's even smaller. Most handles are around one foot in length, give or take a couple inches in either direction depending on the manufacturer's design.
Another very telling trait is that these axes have very long beards. The reasoning behind this is the higher the user can choke up on the handle the more control they have over the blade. That’s something that is very important for someone doing woodworking.
They also tend to have a fairly sharp blade because anyone working with one of these needs to make plenty of precision cuts.
Chances are if you need a carpenter’s axe or carving axe, you already know why.
Another bearded axe is the standard broadaxe or broad axe. While the name might conjure up images of giant medieval executioner's tool, this type of broadaxe is actually a woodworking tool.
While a felling axe chops trees down and a splitting maul splits logs into firewood, a broadaxe is used when a more subtle touch is needed — take for instance when the round edges of a log need to be taken off for building a cabin or crafting planks or beams.
Because the primary use of this type of axe is to get carve a flat surface from a round one, the heads don’t have that typical symmetrical shape. They are instead usually designed either for a right handed person or a left handed person.
Out of all of the five major types of axes listed, this one is the most specialized. Trying to chop down trees of split firewood with it isn't a fun or overly efficient use of your time.
A survival axes have a name that basically speaks for itself. It's a tool that you would use for simple but important tasks when outdoors for the sake of keeping you from meeting your maker.
There's actually a lot of crossover between survival axes and other smaller axe types Husdon Bay axes and camper's axes. They are usually smaller than the big bad log splitting mauls and the lean mean tree felling axes.
Many survival axes are actually small hatchets. They can be a simple well-made hatchet, or they can be fancier and include extra items like a magnesium fire starter accessory that nests in the handle.
As you can see, not all axes are the same. They vary in length, weight, shape, and blade or bit sharpness, all according the what their specific purpose is.
Some are crafted to fell trees while others are designed for intricate woodworking. Just like any other tool, you want to use the right type of axe for the job whenever possible.
And, while it should not need to be mentioned, it’s important to remember that not all brands’ are of equal quality. A cheap but sturdy splitting maul might be fine if you only use one to occasionally split logs for firewood, but if you’re a more serious user, invest in a higher quality product.
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